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Dice

Module Interface

class torchmetrics.Dice(zero_division=0, num_classes=None, threshold=0.5, average='micro', mdmc_average='global', ignore_index=None, top_k=None, multiclass=None, **kwargs)[source]

Computes Dice:

\text{Dice} = \frac{\text{2 * TP}}{\text{2 * TP} + \text{FP} + \text{FN}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

It is recommend set ignore_index to index of background class.

The reduction method (how the precision scores are aggregated) is controlled by the average parameter, and additionally by the mdmc_average parameter in the multi-dimensional multi-class case. Accepts all inputs listed in Input types.

Parameters
  • num_classes (Optional[int]) – Number of classes. Necessary for 'macro', 'weighted' and None average methods.

  • threshold (float) – Threshold for transforming probability or logit predictions to binary (0,1) predictions, in the case of binary or multi-label inputs. Default value of 0.5 corresponds to input being probabilities.

  • zero_division (int) – The value to use for the score if denominator equals zero.

  • average (str) –

    Defines the reduction that is applied. Should be one of the following:

    • 'micro' [default]: Calculate the metric globally, across all samples and classes.

    • 'macro': Calculate the metric for each class separately, and average the metrics across classes (with equal weights for each class).

    • 'weighted': Calculate the metric for each class separately, and average the metrics across classes, weighting each class by its support (tp + fn).

    • 'none' or None: Calculate the metric for each class separately, and return the metric for every class.

    • 'samples': Calculate the metric for each sample, and average the metrics across samples (with equal weights for each sample).

    Note

    What is considered a sample in the multi-dimensional multi-class case depends on the value of mdmc_average.

  • mdmc_average (Optional[str]) –

    Defines how averaging is done for multi-dimensional multi-class inputs (on top of the average parameter). Should be one of the following:

    • None [default]: Should be left unchanged if your data is not multi-dimensional multi-class.

    • 'samplewise': In this case, the statistics are computed separately for each sample on the N axis, and then averaged over samples. The computation for each sample is done by treating the flattened extra axes ... (see Input types) as the N dimension within the sample, and computing the metric for the sample based on that.

    • 'global': In this case the N and ... dimensions of the inputs (see Input types) are flattened into a new N_X sample axis, i.e. the inputs are treated as if they were (N_X, C). From here on the average parameter applies as usual.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Integer specifying a target class to ignore. If given, this class index does not contribute to the returned score, regardless of reduction method. If an index is ignored, and average=None or 'none', the score for the ignored class will be returned as nan.

  • top_k (Optional[int]) – Number of the highest probability or logit score predictions considered finding the correct label, relevant only for (multi-dimensional) multi-class inputs. The default value (None) will be interpreted as 1 for these inputs. Should be left at default (None) for all other types of inputs.

  • multiclass (Optional[bool]) – Used only in certain special cases, where you want to treat inputs as a different type than what they appear to be. See the parameter’s documentation section for a more detailed explanation and examples.

  • kwargs (Any) – Additional keyword arguments, see Advanced metric settings for more info.

Raises
  • ValueError – If average is none of "micro", "macro", "weighted", "samples", "none", None.

  • ValueError – If mdmc_average is not one of None, "samplewise", "global".

  • ValueError – If average is set but num_classes is not provided.

  • ValueError – If num_classes is set and ignore_index is not in the range [0, num_classes).

Example

>>> import torch
>>> from torchmetrics import Dice
>>> preds  = torch.tensor([2, 0, 2, 1])
>>> target = torch.tensor([1, 1, 2, 0])
>>> dice = Dice(average='micro')
>>> dice(preds, target)
tensor(0.2500)

Initializes internal Module state, shared by both nn.Module and ScriptModule.

compute()[source]

Computes the dice score based on inputs passed in to update previously.

Returns

  • If average in ['micro', 'macro', 'weighted', 'samples'], a one-element tensor will be returned

  • If average in ['none', None], the shape will be (C,), where C stands for the number of classes

Return type

The shape of the returned tensor depends on the average parameter

Functional Interface

torchmetrics.functional.dice(preds, target, zero_division=0, average='micro', mdmc_average='global', threshold=0.5, top_k=None, num_classes=None, multiclass=None, ignore_index=None)[source]

Computes Dice:

\text{Dice} = \frac{\text{2 * TP}}{\text{2 * TP} + \text{FP} + \text{FN}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FN} represent the number of true positives and false negatives respecitively.

It is recommend set ignore_index to index of background class.

The reduction method (how the recall scores are aggregated) is controlled by the average parameter, and additionally by the mdmc_average parameter in the multi-dimensional multi-class case. Accepts all inputs listed in Input types.

Parameters
  • preds (Tensor) – Predictions from model (probabilities, logits or labels)

  • target (Tensor) – Ground truth values

  • zero_division (int) – The value to use for the score if denominator equals zero

  • average (str) –

    Defines the reduction that is applied. Should be one of the following:

    • 'micro' [default]: Calculate the metric globally, across all samples and classes.

    • 'macro': Calculate the metric for each class separately, and average the metrics across classes (with equal weights for each class).

    • 'weighted': Calculate the metric for each class separately, and average the metrics across classes, weighting each class by its support (tp + fn).

    • 'none' or None: Calculate the metric for each class separately, and return the metric for every class.

    • 'samples': Calculate the metric for each sample, and average the metrics across samples (with equal weights for each sample).

    Note

    What is considered a sample in the multi-dimensional multi-class case depends on the value of mdmc_average.

    Note

    If 'none' and a given class doesn’t occur in the preds or target, the value for the class will be nan.

  • mdmc_average (Optional[str]) –

    Defines how averaging is done for multi-dimensional multi-class inputs (on top of the average parameter). Should be one of the following:

    • None [default]: Should be left unchanged if your data is not multi-dimensional multi-class.

    • 'samplewise': In this case, the statistics are computed separately for each sample on the N axis, and then averaged over samples. The computation for each sample is done by treating the flattened extra axes ... (see Input types) as the N dimension within the sample, and computing the metric for the sample based on that.

    • 'global': In this case the N and ... dimensions of the inputs (see Input types) are flattened into a new N_X sample axis, i.e. the inputs are treated as if they were (N_X, C). From here on the average parameter applies as usual.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Integer specifying a target class to ignore. If given, this class index does not contribute to the returned score, regardless of reduction method. If an index is ignored, and average=None or 'none', the score for the ignored class will be returned as nan.

  • num_classes (Optional[int]) – Number of classes. Necessary for 'macro', 'weighted' and None average methods.

  • threshold (float) – Threshold for transforming probability or logit predictions to binary (0,1) predictions, in the case of binary or multi-label inputs. Default value of 0.5 corresponds to input being probabilities.

  • top_k (Optional[int]) –

    Number of the highest probability or logit score predictions considered finding the correct label, relevant only for (multi-dimensional) multi-class inputs. The default value (None) will be interpreted as 1 for these inputs.

    Should be left at default (None) for all other types of inputs.

  • multiclass (Optional[bool]) – Used only in certain special cases, where you want to treat inputs as a different type than what they appear to be. See the parameter’s documentation section for a more detailed explanation and examples.

Return type

Tensor

Returns

The shape of the returned tensor depends on the average parameter

  • If average in ['micro', 'macro', 'weighted', 'samples'], a one-element tensor will be returned

  • If average in ['none', None], the shape will be (C,), where C stands for the number of classes

Raises
  • ValueError – If average is not one of "micro", "macro", "weighted", "samples", "none" or None

  • ValueError – If mdmc_average is not one of None, "samplewise", "global".

  • ValueError – If average is set but num_classes is not provided.

  • ValueError – If num_classes is set and ignore_index is not in the range [0, num_classes).

Example

>>> from torchmetrics.functional import dice
>>> preds = torch.tensor([2, 0, 2, 1])
>>> target = torch.tensor([1, 1, 2, 0])
>>> dice(preds, target, average='micro')
tensor(0.2500)

Dice Score

Functional Interface (was deprecated in v0.9)

torchmetrics.functional.dice_score(preds, target, bg=False, nan_score=0.0, no_fg_score=0.0, reduction='elementwise_mean')[source]

Compute dice score from prediction scores.

Supports only “macro” approach, which mean calculate the metric for each class separately, and average the metrics across classes (with equal weights for each class).

Deprecated since version v0.9: The dice_score function was deprecated in v0.9 and will be removed in v0.10. Use dice function instead.

Parameters
  • preds (Tensor) – estimated probabilities

  • target (Tensor) – ground-truth labels

  • bg (bool) – whether to also compute dice for the background

  • nan_score (float) – score to return, if a NaN occurs during computation

  • no_fg_score (float) –

    (default, 0.0) score to return, if no foreground pixel was found in target

    Deprecated since version v0.9: All different from default options will be changed to default.

  • reduction (Literal[‘elementwise_mean’, ‘sum’, ‘none’, None]) –

    (default, 'elementwise_mean') a method to reduce metric score over labels.

    Deprecated since version v0.9: All different from default options will be changed to default.

    • 'elementwise_mean': takes the mean (default)

    • 'sum': takes the sum

    • 'none' or None: no reduction will be applied

Return type

Tensor

Returns

Tensor containing dice score

Example

>>> from torchmetrics.functional import dice_score
>>> pred = torch.tensor([[0.85, 0.05, 0.05, 0.05],
...                      [0.05, 0.85, 0.05, 0.05],
...                      [0.05, 0.05, 0.85, 0.05],
...                      [0.05, 0.05, 0.05, 0.85]])
>>> target = torch.tensor([0, 1, 3, 2])
>>> dice_score(pred, target)
tensor(0.3333)
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