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Precision

Module Interface

class torchmetrics.Precision(task: Literal['binary', 'multiclass', 'multilabel'], threshold: float = 0.5, num_classes: Optional[int] = None, num_labels: Optional[int] = None, average: Optional[Literal['micro', 'macro', 'weighted', 'none']] = 'micro', multidim_average: Optional[Literal['global', 'samplewise']] = 'global', top_k: Optional[int] = 1, ignore_index: Optional[int] = None, validate_args: bool = True, **kwargs: Any)[source]

Computes Precision:

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

This function is a simple wrapper to get the task specific versions of this metric, which is done by setting the task argument to either 'binary', 'multiclass' or multilabel. See the documentation of BinaryPrecision, MulticlassPrecision() and MultilabelPrecision() for the specific details of each argument influence and examples.

Legacy Example:
>>> import torch
>>> preds  = torch.tensor([2, 0, 2, 1])
>>> target = torch.tensor([1, 1, 2, 0])
>>> precision = Precision(task="multiclass", average='macro', num_classes=3)
>>> precision(preds, target)
tensor(0.1667)
>>> precision = Precision(task="multiclass", average='micro', num_classes=3)
>>> precision(preds, target)
tensor(0.2500)

BinaryPrecision

class torchmetrics.classification.BinaryPrecision(threshold=0.5, multidim_average='global', ignore_index=None, validate_args=True, **kwargs)[source]

Computes Precision for binary tasks:

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

As input to forward and update the metric accepts the following input:

  • preds (Tensor): A int or float tensor of shape (N, ...). If preds is a floating point tensor with values outside [0,1] range we consider the input to be logits and will auto apply sigmoid per element. Addtionally, we convert to int tensor with thresholding using the value in threshold.

  • target (Tensor): An int tensor of shape (N, ...).

As output to forward and compute the metric returns the following output:

  • bp (Tensor): If multidim_average is set to global, the metric returns a scalar value. If multidim_average is set to samplewise, the metric returns (N,) vector consisting of a scalar value per sample.

Parameters
  • threshold (float) – Threshold for transforming probability to binary {0,1} predictions

  • multidim_average (Literal[‘global’, ‘samplewise’]) –

    Defines how additionally dimensions ... should be handled. Should be one of the following:

    • global: Additional dimensions are flatted along the batch dimension

    • samplewise: Statistic will be calculated independently for each sample on the N axis. The statistics in this case are calculated over the additional dimensions.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Specifies a target value that is ignored and does not contribute to the metric calculation

  • validate_args (bool) – bool indicating if input arguments and tensors should be validated for correctness. Set to False for faster computations.

Example (preds is int tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import BinaryPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1])
>>> metric = BinaryPrecision()
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor(0.6667)
Example (preds is float tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import BinaryPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([0.11, 0.22, 0.84, 0.73, 0.33, 0.92])
>>> metric = BinaryPrecision()
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor(0.6667)
Example (multidim tensors):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import BinaryPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[[0, 1], [1, 0], [0, 1]], [[1, 1], [0, 0], [1, 0]]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor(
...     [
...         [[0.59, 0.91], [0.91, 0.99], [0.63, 0.04]],
...         [[0.38, 0.04], [0.86, 0.780], [0.45, 0.37]],
...     ]
... )
>>> metric = BinaryPrecision(multidim_average='samplewise')
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor([0.4000, 0.0000])

Initializes internal Module state, shared by both nn.Module and ScriptModule.

MulticlassPrecision

class torchmetrics.classification.MulticlassPrecision(num_classes, top_k=1, average='macro', multidim_average='global', ignore_index=None, validate_args=True, **kwargs)[source]

Computes Precision for multiclass tasks.

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

As input to forward and update the metric accepts the following input:

  • preds (Tensor): An int tensor of shape (N, ...) or float tensor of shape (N, C, ..). If preds is a floating point we apply torch.argmax along the C dimension to automatically convert probabilities/logits into an int tensor.

  • target (Tensor): An int tensor of shape (N, ...).

As output to forward and compute the metric returns the following output:

  • mcp (Tensor): The returned shape depends on the average and multidim_average arguments:

    • If multidim_average is set to global:

      • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the output will be a scalar tensor

      • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (C,)

    • If multidim_average is set to samplewise:

      • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the shape will be (N,)

      • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (N, C)

Parameters
  • num_classes (int) – Integer specifing the number of classes

  • average (Optional[Literal[‘micro’, ‘macro’, ‘weighted’, ‘none’]]) –

    Defines the reduction that is applied over labels. Should be one of the following:

    • micro: Sum statistics over all labels

    • macro: Calculate statistics for each label and average them

    • weighted: Calculates statistics for each label and computes weighted average using their support

    • "none" or None: Calculates statistic for each label and applies no reduction

  • top_k (int) – Number of highest probability or logit score predictions considered to find the correct label. Only works when preds contain probabilities/logits.

  • multidim_average (Literal[‘global’, ‘samplewise’]) –

    Defines how additionally dimensions ... should be handled. Should be one of the following:

    • global: Additional dimensions are flatted along the batch dimension

    • samplewise: Statistic will be calculated independently for each sample on the N axis. The statistics in this case are calculated over the additional dimensions.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Specifies a target value that is ignored and does not contribute to the metric calculation

  • validate_args (bool) – bool indicating if input arguments and tensors should be validated for correctness. Set to False for faster computations.

Example (preds is int tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import MulticlassPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([2, 1, 0, 0])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([2, 1, 0, 1])
>>> metric = MulticlassPrecision(num_classes=3)
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor(0.8333)
>>> mcp = MulticlassPrecision(num_classes=3, average=None)
>>> mcp(preds, target)
tensor([1.0000, 0.5000, 1.0000])
Example (preds is float tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import MulticlassPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([2, 1, 0, 0])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([
...   [0.16, 0.26, 0.58],
...   [0.22, 0.61, 0.17],
...   [0.71, 0.09, 0.20],
...   [0.05, 0.82, 0.13],
... ])
>>> metric = MulticlassPrecision(num_classes=3)
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor(0.8333)
>>> mcp = MulticlassPrecision(num_classes=3, average=None)
>>> mcp(preds, target)
tensor([1.0000, 0.5000, 1.0000])
Example (multidim tensors):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import MulticlassPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[[0, 1], [2, 1], [0, 2]], [[1, 1], [2, 0], [1, 2]]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([[[0, 2], [2, 0], [0, 1]], [[2, 2], [2, 1], [1, 0]]])
>>> metric = MulticlassPrecision(num_classes=3, multidim_average='samplewise')
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor([0.3889, 0.2778])
>>> mcp = MulticlassPrecision(num_classes=3, multidim_average='samplewise', average=None)
>>> mcp(preds, target)
tensor([[0.6667, 0.0000, 0.5000],
        [0.0000, 0.5000, 0.3333]])

Initializes internal Module state, shared by both nn.Module and ScriptModule.

MultilabelPrecision

class torchmetrics.classification.MultilabelPrecision(num_labels, threshold=0.5, average='macro', multidim_average='global', ignore_index=None, validate_args=True, **kwargs)[source]

Computes Precision for multilabel tasks.

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

As input to forward and update the metric accepts the following input:

  • preds (Tensor): An int tensor or float tensor of shape (N, C, ...). If preds is a floating point tensor with values outside [0,1] range we consider the input to be logits and will auto apply sigmoid per element. Addtionally, we convert to int tensor with thresholding using the value in threshold.

  • target (Tensor): An int tensor of shape (N, C, ...).

As output to forward and compute the metric returns the following output:

  • mlp (Tensor): The returned shape depends on the average and multidim_average arguments:

    • If multidim_average is set to global:

      • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the output will be a scalar tensor

      • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (C,)

    • If multidim_average is set to samplewise:

      • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the shape will be (N,)

      • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (N, C)

Parameters
  • num_labels (int) – Integer specifing the number of labels

  • threshold (float) – Threshold for transforming probability to binary (0,1) predictions

  • average (Optional[Literal[‘micro’, ‘macro’, ‘weighted’, ‘none’]]) –

    Defines the reduction that is applied over labels. Should be one of the following:

    • micro: Sum statistics over all labels

    • macro: Calculate statistics for each label and average them

    • weighted: Calculates statistics for each label and computes weighted average using their support

    • "none" or None: Calculates statistic for each label and applies no reduction

  • multidim_average (Literal[‘global’, ‘samplewise’]) –

    Defines how additionally dimensions ... should be handled. Should be one of the following:

    • global: Additional dimensions are flatted along the batch dimension

    • samplewise: Statistic will be calculated independently for each sample on the N axis. The statistics in this case are calculated over the additional dimensions.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Specifies a target value that is ignored and does not contribute to the metric calculation

  • validate_args (bool) – bool indicating if input arguments and tensors should be validated for correctness. Set to False for faster computations.

Example (preds is int tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import MultilabelPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[0, 1, 0], [1, 0, 1]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([[0, 0, 1], [1, 0, 1]])
>>> metric = MultilabelPrecision(num_labels=3)
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor(0.5000)
>>> mlp = MultilabelPrecision(num_labels=3, average=None)
>>> mlp(preds, target)
tensor([1.0000, 0.0000, 0.5000])
Example (preds is float tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import MultilabelPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[0, 1, 0], [1, 0, 1]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([[0.11, 0.22, 0.84], [0.73, 0.33, 0.92]])
>>> metric = MultilabelPrecision(num_labels=3)
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor(0.5000)
>>> mlp = MultilabelPrecision(num_labels=3, average=None)
>>> mlp(preds, target)
tensor([1.0000, 0.0000, 0.5000])
Example (multidim tensors):
>>> from torchmetrics.classification import MultilabelPrecision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[[0, 1], [1, 0], [0, 1]], [[1, 1], [0, 0], [1, 0]]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor(
...     [
...         [[0.59, 0.91], [0.91, 0.99], [0.63, 0.04]],
...         [[0.38, 0.04], [0.86, 0.780], [0.45, 0.37]],
...     ]
... )
>>> metric = MultilabelPrecision(num_labels=3, multidim_average='samplewise')
>>> metric(preds, target)
tensor([0.3333, 0.0000])
>>> mlp = MultilabelPrecision(num_labels=3, multidim_average='samplewise', average=None)
>>> mlp(preds, target)
tensor([[0.5000, 0.5000, 0.0000],
        [0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]])

Initializes internal Module state, shared by both nn.Module and ScriptModule.

Functional Interface

torchmetrics.functional.precision(preds, target, task, threshold=0.5, num_classes=None, num_labels=None, average='micro', multidim_average='global', top_k=1, ignore_index=None, validate_args=True)[source]

Computes Precision:

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

This function is a simple wrapper to get the task specific versions of this metric, which is done by setting the task argument to either 'binary', 'multiclass' or multilabel. See the documentation of binary_precision(), multiclass_precision() and multilabel_precision() for the specific details of each argument influence and examples.

Legacy Example:
>>> preds  = torch.tensor([2, 0, 2, 1])
>>> target = torch.tensor([1, 1, 2, 0])
>>> precision(preds, target, task="multiclass", average='macro', num_classes=3)
tensor(0.1667)
>>> precision(preds, target, task="multiclass", average='micro', num_classes=3)
tensor(0.2500)
Return type

Tensor

binary_precision

torchmetrics.functional.classification.binary_precision(preds, target, threshold=0.5, multidim_average='global', ignore_index=None, validate_args=True)[source]

Computes Precision for binary tasks:

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

Accepts the following input tensors:

  • preds (int or float tensor): (N, ...). If preds is a floating point tensor with values outside [0,1] range we consider the input to be logits and will auto apply sigmoid per element. Addtionally, we convert to int tensor with thresholding using the value in threshold.

  • target (int tensor): (N, ...)

Parameters
  • preds (Tensor) – Tensor with predictions

  • target (Tensor) – Tensor with true labels

  • threshold (float) – Threshold for transforming probability to binary {0,1} predictions

  • multidim_average (Literal[‘global’, ‘samplewise’]) –

    Defines how additionally dimensions ... should be handled. Should be one of the following:

    • global: Additional dimensions are flatted along the batch dimension

    • samplewise: Statistic will be calculated independently for each sample on the N axis. The statistics in this case are calculated over the additional dimensions.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Specifies a target value that is ignored and does not contribute to the metric calculation

  • validate_args (bool) – bool indicating if input arguments and tensors should be validated for correctness. Set to False for faster computations.

Return type

Tensor

Returns

If multidim_average is set to global, the metric returns a scalar value. If multidim_average is set to samplewise, the metric returns (N,) vector consisting of a scalar value per sample.

Example (preds is int tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import binary_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1])
>>> binary_precision(preds, target)
tensor(0.6667)
Example (preds is float tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import binary_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([0.11, 0.22, 0.84, 0.73, 0.33, 0.92])
>>> binary_precision(preds, target)
tensor(0.6667)
Example (multidim tensors):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import binary_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[[0, 1], [1, 0], [0, 1]], [[1, 1], [0, 0], [1, 0]]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor(
...     [
...         [[0.59, 0.91], [0.91, 0.99], [0.63, 0.04]],
...         [[0.38, 0.04], [0.86, 0.780], [0.45, 0.37]],
...     ]
... )
>>> binary_precision(preds, target, multidim_average='samplewise')
tensor([0.4000, 0.0000])

multiclass_precision

torchmetrics.functional.classification.multiclass_precision(preds, target, num_classes, average='macro', top_k=1, multidim_average='global', ignore_index=None, validate_args=True)[source]

Computes Precision for multiclass tasks.

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

Accepts the following input tensors:

  • preds: (N, ...) (int tensor) or (N, C, ..) (float tensor). If preds is a floating point we apply torch.argmax along the C dimension to automatically convert probabilities/logits into an int tensor.

  • target (int tensor): (N, ...)

Parameters
  • preds (Tensor) – Tensor with predictions

  • target (Tensor) – Tensor with true labels

  • num_classes (int) – Integer specifing the number of classes

  • average (Optional[Literal[‘micro’, ‘macro’, ‘weighted’, ‘none’]]) –

    Defines the reduction that is applied over labels. Should be one of the following:

    • micro: Sum statistics over all labels

    • macro: Calculate statistics for each label and average them

    • weighted: Calculates statistics for each label and computes weighted average using their support

    • "none" or None: Calculates statistic for each label and applies no reduction

  • top_k (int) – Number of highest probability or logit score predictions considered to find the correct label. Only works when preds contain probabilities/logits.

  • multidim_average (Literal[‘global’, ‘samplewise’]) –

    Defines how additionally dimensions ... should be handled. Should be one of the following:

    • global: Additional dimensions are flatted along the batch dimension

    • samplewise: Statistic will be calculated independently for each sample on the N axis. The statistics in this case are calculated over the additional dimensions.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Specifies a target value that is ignored and does not contribute to the metric calculation

  • validate_args (bool) – bool indicating if input arguments and tensors should be validated for correctness. Set to False for faster computations.

Returns

  • If multidim_average is set to global:

    • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the output will be a scalar tensor

    • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (C,)

  • If multidim_average is set to samplewise:

    • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the shape will be (N,)

    • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (N, C)

Return type

The returned shape depends on the average and multidim_average arguments

Example (preds is int tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import multiclass_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([2, 1, 0, 0])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([2, 1, 0, 1])
>>> multiclass_precision(preds, target, num_classes=3)
tensor(0.8333)
>>> multiclass_precision(preds, target, num_classes=3, average=None)
tensor([1.0000, 0.5000, 1.0000])
Example (preds is float tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import multiclass_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([2, 1, 0, 0])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([
...   [0.16, 0.26, 0.58],
...   [0.22, 0.61, 0.17],
...   [0.71, 0.09, 0.20],
...   [0.05, 0.82, 0.13],
... ])
>>> multiclass_precision(preds, target, num_classes=3)
tensor(0.8333)
>>> multiclass_precision(preds, target, num_classes=3, average=None)
tensor([1.0000, 0.5000, 1.0000])
Example (multidim tensors):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import multiclass_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[[0, 1], [2, 1], [0, 2]], [[1, 1], [2, 0], [1, 2]]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([[[0, 2], [2, 0], [0, 1]], [[2, 2], [2, 1], [1, 0]]])
>>> multiclass_precision(preds, target, num_classes=3, multidim_average='samplewise')
tensor([0.3889, 0.2778])
>>> multiclass_precision(preds, target, num_classes=3, multidim_average='samplewise', average=None)
tensor([[0.6667, 0.0000, 0.5000],
        [0.0000, 0.5000, 0.3333]])

multilabel_precision

torchmetrics.functional.classification.multilabel_precision(preds, target, num_labels, threshold=0.5, average='macro', multidim_average='global', ignore_index=None, validate_args=True)[source]

Computes Precision for multilabel tasks.

\text{Precision} = \frac{\text{TP}}{\text{TP} + \text{FP}}

Where \text{TP} and \text{FP} represent the number of true positives and false positives respecitively.

Accepts the following input tensors:

  • preds (int or float tensor): (N, C, ...). If preds is a floating point tensor with values outside [0,1] range we consider the input to be logits and will auto apply sigmoid per element. Addtionally, we convert to int tensor with thresholding using the value in threshold.

  • target (int tensor): (N, C, ...)

Parameters
  • preds (Tensor) – Tensor with predictions

  • target (Tensor) – Tensor with true labels

  • num_labels (int) – Integer specifing the number of labels

  • threshold (float) – Threshold for transforming probability to binary (0,1) predictions

  • average (Optional[Literal[‘micro’, ‘macro’, ‘weighted’, ‘none’]]) –

    Defines the reduction that is applied over labels. Should be one of the following:

    • micro: Sum statistics over all labels

    • macro: Calculate statistics for each label and average them

    • weighted: Calculates statistics for each label and computes weighted average using their support

    • "none" or None: Calculates statistic for each label and applies no reduction

  • multidim_average (Literal[‘global’, ‘samplewise’]) –

    Defines how additionally dimensions ... should be handled. Should be one of the following:

    • global: Additional dimensions are flatted along the batch dimension

    • samplewise: Statistic will be calculated independently for each sample on the N axis. The statistics in this case are calculated over the additional dimensions.

  • ignore_index (Optional[int]) – Specifies a target value that is ignored and does not contribute to the metric calculation

  • validate_args (bool) – bool indicating if input arguments and tensors should be validated for correctness. Set to False for faster computations.

Returns

  • If multidim_average is set to global:

    • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the output will be a scalar tensor

    • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (C,)

  • If multidim_average is set to samplewise:

    • If average='micro'/'macro'/'weighted', the shape will be (N,)

    • If average=None/'none', the shape will be (N, C)

Return type

The returned shape depends on the average and multidim_average arguments

Example (preds is int tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import multilabel_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[0, 1, 0], [1, 0, 1]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([[0, 0, 1], [1, 0, 1]])
>>> multilabel_precision(preds, target, num_labels=3)
tensor(0.5000)
>>> multilabel_precision(preds, target, num_labels=3, average=None)
tensor([1.0000, 0.0000, 0.5000])
Example (preds is float tensor):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import multilabel_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[0, 1, 0], [1, 0, 1]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor([[0.11, 0.22, 0.84], [0.73, 0.33, 0.92]])
>>> multilabel_precision(preds, target, num_labels=3)
tensor(0.5000)
>>> multilabel_precision(preds, target, num_labels=3, average=None)
tensor([1.0000, 0.0000, 0.5000])
Example (multidim tensors):
>>> from torchmetrics.functional.classification import multilabel_precision
>>> target = torch.tensor([[[0, 1], [1, 0], [0, 1]], [[1, 1], [0, 0], [1, 0]]])
>>> preds = torch.tensor(
...     [
...         [[0.59, 0.91], [0.91, 0.99], [0.63, 0.04]],
...         [[0.38, 0.04], [0.86, 0.780], [0.45, 0.37]],
...     ]
... )
>>> multilabel_precision(preds, target, num_labels=3, multidim_average='samplewise')
tensor([0.3333, 0.0000])
>>> multilabel_precision(preds, target, num_labels=3, multidim_average='samplewise', average=None)
tensor([[0.5000, 0.5000, 0.0000],
        [0.0000, 0.0000, 0.0000]])
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